Orchids are some of the most interesting and beautiful flowers you can grow at home, but they require more attention than other plants to ensure optimal health and flowering. Even so, caring for an orchid doesn't have to be difficult; with the right information, you can keep your orchid healthy and blooming beautifully year after year. Here are five helpful tips on how to care for orchids of all kinds.
1) Plant the right type of orchid in the right type of pot
The first step to proper orchid care is planting the right type of orchid in the right type of pot. There are two main types of orchids: terrestrial and epiphytic. Terrestrial orchids grow in the ground, while epiphytic orchids grow on trees. Each type of orchid has different potting needs. For example, terrestrial orchids need a pot with drainage holes, while epiphytic orchids need a pot without drainage holes. Due to their varied requirements, proper orchid care can be difficult if you don't know what type of orchid you have. Check your plant's tag to identify it before you buy a new pot.
2) Water your orchid correctly
One of the most important aspects of proper orchid care is watering. Be sure to water your orchid early in the morning so the leaves have time to dry before nightfall. Allow the potting mix to dry out completely before watering again. Over-watering can lead to root rot and fungus, and under-watering can lead to wilted leaves and shrivelled flowers. If you notice any white residue on the surface of the soil, it means that it's time to re-pot.
3) Use the right Light Bulbs
The best light bulbs for orchids are full-spectrum fluorescent bulbs, which emit a broad range of wavelengths that closely approximate natural sunlight. These bulbs should be placed about 12 inches from the plant and should be on for about 14 hours per day. Remember to turn off the lights when it is dark outside. Also, never use an incandescent bulb as they produce excessive heat. However, if you have no other option than to use an incandescent bulb because you have moved your plants and can't find the right bulbs, then put them under a diffuser made out of plastic wrap or aluminum foil.
4) Fertilize Correctly
One of the best orchids maintenance is to fertilize correctly. It's important to find out which type of fertilizer you need and then choose a time when your plant needs it. For example, if your orchid has brown leaves, it might be because it doesn't have enough water, but if you water and it still has brown leaves, then you may need to fertilize your plant with a general-purpose fertilizer. You can also ask a flower expert what kind of fertilizer to use for your specific orchid at the store where you buy it. That way, you know exactly how much to use and when.
5) Learn from Experts
The best way to care for orchids is to learn from experts. The great thing about orchids is that they're easy to grow, and you don't need much space. The next step in your orchid maintenance routine should be to water them properly. Make sure that the potting mix never dries out before watering again.
When it comes time to repot your orchids, make sure not to move them too often because this will shock their root system, and the roots will suffer as a result. Repot only when necessary but remember, it's better not to repot too often because this can cause serious harm if done incorrectly.
These are just a few of the many ways to care for orchids. With a little research and some care, you can have your own thriving plant. And the best part is that it's easy. Their blooms last from six months to a year and their flowers range in color from white to dark purple. It only takes about two weeks for an orchid to start producing new leaves after being repotted. For the longest-lasting blooms, be sure to keep your plants moist but not wet. A good rule of thumb is the heavier the flower fragrance on an orchid flower, the less likely it will need water.